HISTORICAL AND CURRENT DISTRIBUTION OF WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA'S APPALACHIAN PRIMARY BURROWING CRAYFISHES: A CENTURY OF CHANGE OR STASIS?
Astacological efforts in Pennsylvania have increased over the past decade. In particular, the distribution and conservation standing of Western Pennsylvania’s (WPA) primary burrowing crayfishes represents the greatest void in knowledge regarding the states crayfish fauna. To rectify this situation, burrowing crayfish surveys were initiated across WPA in 2014/2015 using Ortmann’s (1906) historical records as a guide. Of the 61 historic sites that were resampled, 19.6% maintained burrowing crayfish populations. Of the 57 new sites that were sampled, 71.9% supported burrowing crayfish populations. Overall burrowing crayfish were detected at 44.9% of the 118 sites sampled. Ortmann documented Cambarus dubius, Cambarus monongalensis, and Cambarus thomai in WPA. All three species were found during our surveys, with each species allied to a physiographic region, and found in the general area that Ortmann discovered them in a century prior. Urbanization had a negative effect on burrowing crayfishes over the past century, and green-spaces proved to be important islands of habitation in the presence of urbanization. Overall, our survey results indicate that all three species are currently stable in Pennsylvania.
Katie Scott (Primary Presenter/Author), Department of Natural Science and Mathematics, West Liberty University, West Liberty, West Virginia 26074, firstname.lastname@example.org;
Zachary Dillard ( Co-Presenter/Co-Author), Department of Natural Science and Mathematics, West Liberty University, West Liberty, West Virginia 26074, ZWDILLARD@westliberty.edu;
Nicole Sadecky ( Co-Presenter/Co-Author), West Virginia Department of Natural Resources, email@example.com;
David Lieb ( Co-Presenter/Co-Author), Western Pennsylvania Conservancy and Pennsylvania Fish & Boat Commission, 450 Robinson Lane, Bellefonte, PA 16823, firstname.lastname@example.org;
Zachary Loughman ( Co-Presenter/Co-Author), West Liberty University, email@example.com;